Medical Countermeasures Preparedness for CBRN Threats and Emerging Infectious Diseases: A Two-Stage Approach

As part of efforts to address the public health threat from CBRN agents and emerging and infectious diseases, HHS, through the Public Health Emergency Medical Countermeasures Enterprise (PHEMCE) has undertaken a two-stage approach to the advanced development and procurement of medical countermeasures for these threats.

The PHEMCE Strategy

The first stage is the 2012 Public Health Emergency Medical Countermeasures Enterprise (PHEMCE) Strategy. The purpose of the HHS PHEMCE Strategy is to establish the goals and objectives that HHS will use to ensure that medical countermeasures are available for effective use against the highest priority CBRN threats facing the Nation. The HHS PHEMCE Strategy considers the full spectrum of medical countermeasure-related activities, including research, development, acquisition, storage and maintenance, deployment, and utilization. The Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response led the development of the 2012 PHEMCE Strategy through an interagency steering committee comprised of representatives from across the PHEMCE agencies. The steering committee reviewed existing strategies, implementation plans, and other documents with direct relevance to setting PHEMCE goals and objectives.

Full Text: HHS PHEMCE Strategy

The PHEMCE Strategy outlines the principles and processes for identifying priority threat areas and requirements for medical countermeasure development and acquisition, including those medical countermeasures to be developed or acquired under the authorities of the Project BioShield Act of 2004 ("Project BioShield") (P.L.. 108-276) or under the Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act (P.L. 109-417). The PHEMCE Strategy also sets forth the overall roles and responsibilities of key government agencies contributing to this effort.

The PHEMCE Implementation Plan

The companion piece to the PHEMCE Strategy is the 2012 PHEMCE Implementation Plan. This Strategy and the Implementation Plan together will provide the blueprints the PHEMCE will follow in the near, mid-, and long-terms to make the best use of available resources to enhance national health security. The HHS PHEMCE Implementation Plan is prioritized plan with near-term, mid-term and long-term goals for research, development, and acquisition of medical countermeasures that is consistent with the guiding principles and priority setting criteria defined in the HHS PHEMCE Strategy. The PHEMCE Implementation Plan is supported by a number of HHS funding streams, including NIH biodefense research and development, advanced development monies, Strategic National Stockpile resources and the Special Reserve Fund authorized under Project BioShield.

Full Text: HHS PHEMCE Implementation Plan

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